V. 1 (42) / 2020 «Improvement of reliability and safety at gas-industry facilities»
doctor of engineering, professor V.S. Safonov
doctor of engineering, professor A.I. Komkin
The Basic Principles of State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Field of Industrial Safety until 2025 and beyond approved on May 6, 2018 by the Executive Order of the President, and a plan of measures aimed at realization of the named principles set a tasks to decrease gradually the risks of accidental failures at hazardous industrial facilities (HF), and to perfect governmental control in the correspondent field in regard for the state-of-art requirements and contemporary conditions. To implement these decisions, a draft text of a new federal law on industrial safety has been prepared and is being discussed now. This new law is going to be brought into force in 2020‒2021. Concurrently the Federal State no. 116-ФЗ dated May 21, 1997 will cease to be in force. The following changes are suggested:
- revision of the criteria used for attributing facilities to HFs with consideration of a globally adjusted system for classification of hazards and marking of chemical products;
- settle of a legal status for the companies providing scientific-technical support;
- implementation of a system for risk-targeted dynamic modelling of hazards (governmental monitoring, remote control);
- differentiation of HFs and HVs, introduction of a system for their account, expert review and technical diagnostics of their industrial safety, prescribing a procedure for supervision of compliance with requirements of industrial safety at operation of HVs;
- revision of the subject matter of the expert appraisal of industrial safety, rising independence level of experts and expert companies against their customers;
- perfection of mechanisms of the governmental supervision of industrial safety;
- introduction of a new type of activity such as technical diagnostics of hazardous technical devices in order to determine possible extra prolongation of their life time, and setting a correspondent decision making procedure basing on the results of technical diagnostics;
- elaboration of the requirements to a procedure of accident investigation;
- institution of nongovernmental forms of safety compliance control, namely the audit of industrial safety;
- identification of abandoned industrial facilities which threaten the population and territories;
- scientific support for a governmental body responsible for industrial safety regulation;
- reduction of excessive and redundant requirements in the field of industrial safety;
- perfection of legal mechanisms of liability for infringement of safety requirements.
The coming changes of the legislation on industrial safety will straightly affect the Gazprom PJSC, its affiliated industrial facilities mostly being HFs, and those business processes which accompany the life cycle of any HF, namely: design, construction, operation, reconstruction, re-equipment, technical upgrade, overhaul, conservation, and liquidation. Correspondingly, the product enterprises, design and building contractors, scientific, research and service companies included into the business environment of the Gazprom PJSC should be ready to meet the new challenges and benchmarks, and to transform own activity in accordance with the rapidly upgrading requirements of industrial safety. So, further perfection of a scientific-methodological base for decision making in the field of improvement of reliability and safety of the gas industrial facilities is quite topical now.
The articles included in this collected book have been prepared by the employees of the Gazprom VNIIGAZ LLC, National University of Oil and Gas “Gubkin University”, the NIIgazekonomika LLC, the Gazprom Gaznadzor LLC, the NPK Izotermik LLC, the Kriogenmash PJSC, the Research and production enterprise “Cryoservice” JSC. Thematically they present the following scientific leads:
- simulation of the regime and the process features of a gas pipeline network operation;
- methodical aspects of risk analysis in respect to structurally complicated systems;
- simulation of accidents at the pipelines transporting thermodynamically unsteady liquefied gases and minimization of their aftereffects;
- studying nonequilibrium hydrogasdynamic and heat-mass-exchange processes including the failures occurred at the facilities aimed at production and storage of the liquefied cryogenic gases;
- improvement of noise diagnostics and noise protection in gas industry;
- reliability and safety of marine facilities.
The named materials are intended for a wide range of readers who are concerned with reliability and safety of the gas industrial activities.